Much like his kneeing down in Germany in 1629, the death of King Gustavus Adolphus leveled the playing field of the Thirty Years War once again. The problem was that while Ferdinand again had a fighting chance at reimposing his will over the Holy Roman Empire, Adolphus had shattered the ascendancy the Emperor had enjoyed […]Read more "The Death of Albrecht von Wallenstein"
In spite of the carnage many of the Empire’s leading Protestants were overjoyed at the reverse in Imperial fortunes, none more so than the former Winter King Frederick V. The one time ruler of Bohemia had been cooling his heels in the Netherlands for some time now, alternately writing letters to anyone he thought would […]Read more "A Lion’s Death"
By 1632 war was an inescapable reality in northern Europe. To the west in the Spanish Netherlands the Dutch under their new commander Frederick Henry were laying siege to Maastricht. Conquering this would bisect the remaining Spanish area, and only Dutch intolerance for Catholicism seemed to stall a general revolt across the remainder of Belgium. […]Read more "The Horrors and Wolves of War"