A Lion’s Death

In spite of the carnage many of the Empire’s leading Protestants were overjoyed at the reverse in Imperial fortunes, none more so than the former Winter King Frederick V. The one time ruler of Bohemia had been cooling his heels in the Netherlands for some time now, alternately writing letters to anyone he thought would […]

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The Horrors and Wolves of War

By 1632 war was an inescapable reality in northern Europe. To the west in the Spanish Netherlands the Dutch under their new commander Frederick Henry were laying siege to Maastricht. Conquering this would bisect the remaining Spanish area, and only Dutch intolerance for Catholicism seemed to stall a general revolt across the remainder of Belgium. […]

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